Compartment Syndrome - Carrollton, TX
Dr. Allmon is a leading hand and wrist surgeon serving patients across Carrollton, TX. He specializes in the treatment of a wide range of orthopedic condition including fracture, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Compartment Syndrome, De Quervain's Tendinitis etc.

Compartment Syndrome

The muscles and organs of the hand are grouped into small compartments which are surrounded by fascia (connective tissue webs). An injury may lead to the accumulation of blood within this compartment. The walls of fascia are tough and do not expand easily to accommodate the fluid, resulting in pressure buildup within the compartment. This may impede the blood flow to the surrounding tissues and is medically referred to as Compartment Syndrome. It generally occurs after a surgery or an injury which leads to swelling in the joint.

Causes Of Compartment Syndrome

  • Fracture in the arm
  • Internal bleeding
  • Casting the arm for a long time period may hamper the blood flow
  • Burns
  • Tying a bandage tightly
  • Prolonged compression of the limb during an accident or injury
  • Presence of a blood clot in the upper extremity
  • Use of antibiotics or steroids
  • Vigorous exercise done regularly may result in Exertional Compartment Syndrome
  • Sepsis or infection in the body

Symptoms Of Compartment Syndrome

  • Persistent ache in the arm
  • Feeling of pins or needles
  • Numbness
  • Swelling and tightness may be felt in the affected part
  • Bruising and discoloration
  • The patient may experience severe cramps while exercising
  • The symptoms tend to settle down after rest
  • Visible muscle bulging

Diagnosis Of Compartment Syndrome

  • Analysis of the patient’s medical history, past injuries and medications taken
  • Detailed physical examination to identify the exact location that is affected
  • The pressure in the compartment may be measured by inserting a needle or a plastic catheter
  • Some lab tests may be required if infection is suspected
  • X-ray imaging or MRI scans may help to confirm the diagnosis

Treatment For Compartment Syndrome
 
  • The affected arm should be kept elevated at chest level to promote blood flow and compress swelling
  • Fasciotomy- Surgical incision is made in the tissue wall of the compartment to release pressure
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications may be prescribed
  • In case of Exertional Compartment Syndrome, the activity that causes aggravation of symptoms should be restricted. The patient may be advised to undergo physical therapy to boost recovery.

For diagnosis and treatment of Compartment Syndrome, visit Dr. Allmon. To schedule an appointment with the hand and wrist surgeon in Carrollton, TX, you can call at (972) 492-1334.